Friday, 17 May 2019
Petros Toulis: Reception and interpretation of the Patristic Tradition in Theophanes' of Niceae works.
Fourteenth century, can be characterized as the century that Church was in need in interpreting more accurate and with soteriological perspective the Christological dogma that formulated in previous ecumenical councils (3rd-6th). The questions concerning the natures of Christ and the manner of manifestation in terms of energy were susceptible to various interpretations that were dominated either by philosophical premises or by soteriological criteria. One of those questions concerning the hypostasis of the Logos in Transfiguration and the nature of the Devine light "raised" in the Hesychastical controversy. The outstanding Patristic figure of that century was Maximus the Confessor, because his Christological works were the basis in which St. Gregory Palamas constructed his argumentation when was entangled in disputes with scholars and theologians of his time. A successor of Palamite theology at the third part of the controversies (1347-1368) was Theophanes of Niceae (+1381) who tried to interpret the mystery of the divine Economy using the previous patristic tradition. Through this paper we will try to underline the use of patristic sources in the Orations of the Divine light, written by Theophanes. Especially we intent to present the Maximian interpretation of the term "hypostasis", in which Theophanes builds his argumentation. Within this framework we will attempt to approach the methodology and the hermeuneutical criteria by means of which he attempts to recover the true meaning that is hidden within this Tradition and to demonstrate the misinterpretation that is put forward by those who deviate from the faith of the Church.