In CMC [Cologne Mani Codex] 87.20-21, 23-88.1, cf. 91.22-3 Mani is said to favour a wheat bread characterized as Ἑλ̣[ληνικὸν] ἄρτον, effectively a hapax. The paper will use Rabbinic, Latin, and Greek medical sources to establish the probable identity of the bread, and of the Ἕλλη[ν]ας to whom the Baptists were afraid Mani might flee in 80.16-18.
After a brief discussion of the Aramaic background of the CMC (with a guess as to the profession, but not the identity of the translator), the paper will address “purity” and diet as understood by the “Mani” portrayed in the CMC.
Then, after a brief discussion of ancient breads in general, a candidate found in Latin and Greek sources will be discussed (recipe available to the interested). Finally, a discussion of the meaning of “Greeks” and “Greek Bread” in the CMC using Rabbinic evidence, and a suggestion as to the possible political context.